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January 19th - History On The Way To Today at

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On The Way To Today...   January 19th

1419 - In the Hundred Years War between England and France, the French city of Rouen surrendered to Henry V thus completing his conquest of Normandy.

1493 - Treaty of Barcelona signed, France cedes Roussillon and Cerdagne to Spain.

1825 - New York's Ezra Daggett and Thomas Kensett patented a canning process to preserve salmon, oysters and lobsters.

1853 - Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" had its first performance in Rome.

1899 - Britain and Egypt established joint control over Sudan.

1915 - Paris, France's George Claude, patented the neon tube, advertising sign.

1915 - The first casualties to result from an air raid over Britain occurred when a Zeppelin dropped six bombs on Great Yarmouth. Two people died and three were injured.

1918 - A system for making color motion pictures, invented by Dr. Herbert Kalmus, was used in the film The Gulf Between, and was copyrighted.

1937 - Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record, when he flew from Los Angeles, California to New York City in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.

1941 - Bob Feller, Cleveland Indians' pitcher, signed a $30,000 contract on this date, reportedly becoming the highest paid pitcher in baseball history for the time.

1944 - In a short air raid on Berlin, the British air force dropped some 2,300 tons of bombs.

1949 - The President of the United States salary was increased from $75,000 to $100,000, with an extra $50,000 expense allowance for each year in office. As of 2001, the President makes $1,000,000 a year.

1952 - The National Football League bought the New York Yankees for $300,000. To appease the New York Giants after giving another team in their territory, the NFL let the Giants pick five players from the Yankee roster. Among the five was Tom Landry, who played 6 year for the Giants. During the choosing, the NFL sent the Yankee club to Dallas and eventually to obscurity when, in 1960, the Dallas expansion team contracted Tom Landry as head coach and became the Dallas Cowboys.

1953 - Sixty-eight percent of televisions in the Uinted States tuned to CBS-TV, to see Lucy Ricardo, of "I Love Lucy", give birth to a baby boy, as she actually did in real life. The program's audience was larger than that watching the inauguration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower next day. In fact, in many papers, the Lucille Ball baby story kicked the inauguration off the front page.

1955 - For the first time, President Eisenhower permitted a filmed news conference to be used on television and in movie newsreels. To fit television's scheduling formats, the 33-minute conference was cut to 28-1/2 minutes.

1957 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania comedian, Ernie Kovacs, became a star, when he successfully completed a challenge to do a half-hour television show without saying a single word of dialogue.

1966 - Robert Montgomery, actor-producer and White House advisor on Presidential telecasts, testified on this date to the FCC that the reports of quiz-show fixing and payola were widespread within the broadcasting industry long before the charges were made public.

1966 - Indira Gandhi was elected prime minister of India in succession to Lal Shastri who had died on January 11. Shastri had succeeded Gandhi's father, Jawaharlal Nehru.

1970 - The soundtrack to the film, "Easy Rider" earned a gold record, making it the first pop-culture, film soundtrack to earn the award.

1971 - Ruby Keeler had her comeback in the play, "No, No Nanette", opening at the 46th Street Theatre in New York City. Keeler played Sue Smith in the revival of the 1925 musical. The show played for 861 performances.

1974 - At South Ben, Inidana, Notre Dame ended UCLA’s 88-game winning streak. The Fighting Irish enjoyed a 71-70 basketball win over the Bruins of the University of California at Los Angeles.

1975 - Twenty people were injured at France's Paris-Orly Airport in a battle which erupted after Arab gunmen attempted a grenade attack on an El Al jumbo jet and then seized three hostages.

1976 - The Beatles turned down a $30 million offer to play together on the same stage. Rock promoter, Bill Sargent, still can't believe they turned him down.

1983 - South Africa resumed direct rule of Namibia after five years of semi-autonomous rule.

1983 - Klaus Barbie, notorious SS chief of Lyon in Nazi-occupied France, was arrested in Bolivia.

1985 - "The New York Times" announced that Lee Iacocca’s book, "Iacocca", was 1984's best selling hard cover book. Not until the the 1990s when Rush Limbaugh’s first novel arrived was it topped in sales.

1987 - The University of Iowa ranked #1 for the first time in its history. The 16-0 Hawkeyes basketball team took over for the Runnin’ Rebels of the University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV) at the top of the Associated Press Top 25 poll.

1992 - In Florida, the 64-year-old award-winning playwright Edward Albee was arrested on a Key Biscayne beach for indecent exposure. Charges were later dropped when it was determined that Albee had removed his swimming trunks only to rinse out the sand that was in them, and had not done anything vulgar or immoral.

1995 - In Chechnya, Russian forces hoisted the national tricolor over Grozny's battered presidential palace after seizing the building from Chechen irregulars.

1996 - Four-day hijack of the Black Sea ferry Avrasya by pro-Chechen gunmen ended near Istanbul without a shot being fired with the surrender of the attackers who had threatened to blow up themselves and their 200 hostages.

1998 - Carl Perkins, a sharecropper's son who learned music on a guitar fashioned from a cigar box and broomstick, was a rockabilly pioneer, influencing the likes of Elvis Presley and the Beatles. He died at age 65 in his hometown and birthplace, Jackson, Tennessee, of complications resulting from a series of recent strokes. Perkins was a Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee, and wrote the definitive anthem of "50's cool", Blue Suede Shoes. His career took off in 1956, when he wrote and recorded the song after hearing a young man warn his prom date not step on his fancy footwear.

1999 - Judge Lawrence Mira, who warned Motley Crue Drummer Tommy Lee eight months earlier that a slip-up could send him to prison for three years, set a hearing date after learning through news reports that Lee was allegedly drinking recently with bandmates in Florida. Lee was scheduled to go to court Feb. 4 to answer allegations that he used alcohol, a violation of his probation for spousal abuse that could land him in prison. Lee served about four months in jail after he pleaded no contest to kicking his estranged wife, former Baywatch star Pamela Anderson Lee, while she held their son, Dylan, in February 1998. Judge Mira ordered Lee to stay away from alcohol and drugs. Lee also had to donate $5,000 to a battered women's shelter, stay at least 100 yards away from his estranged wife, attend anger management classes, and undergo random drug tests.

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