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1702 - Queen Anne acceded to the throne in England after the death of William III.
1801 - In the Napoleonic Wars, the British under Sir Ralph Abercromby took Aboukir Bay from defending French forces. More than 1,100 British died, including Abercromby.
1849 - In the United States, Thomas Ewing of Ohio was appointed by President Zachary Taylor as the first Secretary of the Interior Department.
1855 - At Niagara Falls, New York, a train went over the first railway suspension bridge.
1862 - In the American Civil War, the Confederate frigate Merrimac under Captain Buchanan sank the Federal ship Cumberland in the Battle of Hampton Roads in Virginia.
1887 - Everett Horton patented the telescopic fishing rod, made of one steel tube inside another.
1894 - In New York, a dog license law was enacted, marking the first such animal control law in the United States. It would cost dog owners a $2 yearly fee per canine in cities with a population over 1,200,000.
1910 - The Royal Aero Club issued the first British pilot's license to J.T.C Moore Brabazon.
1913 - In the United States, the Internal Revenue Service began to collect income taxes.
1917 - Riots and strikes in St. Petersburg marked the start of the "February Revolution" in Russia.
1920 - Denmark joined the League of Nations.
1921 - Spanish Prime Minister Eduardo Dato was assassinated by anarchists near his home in Madrid.
1921 - French troops occupied Duesseldorf and other towns in the Ruhr after Germany failed to pay reparations.
1923 - "Women’s Weekly" magazine's poll said American men were favored as the second choice of French women. First choice went to French men.
1925 - Bernard McFadden, a physical culturist with a radio show in New York City, failed to show up for his daily morning program, forcing young, studio engineer, John Gambling, to fill an hour on the air for a. As a result, radio station WOR, decided to give the morning announcer's job to Gambling; who stayed at WOR for years, before turning the mike over to his son. Mr. Gambling’s "Rambling with Gambling" program brought in tri-state audiences from New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, in record numbers for over 70 years.
1933 - In Franklin, Indiana, self-liquidating scrip money was issued for the first time.
1941 - At Columbia Records, Horace Heidt and his orchestra recorded "G’bye Now". The vocals for the song were done by Ronnie Kemper.
1942 - Rangoon fell to the Japanese after being evacuated by British forces.
1946 - New York City's "Journal American", became the first commercial business to get a helicopter license.
1948 - The United States Supreme Court ruled that religious instruction in public schools violated the constitution.
1950 - The Soviet Union claimed to be in possession of the atomic bomb.
1953 - A census bureau report said 239,000 farmers quit farming over the past two years.
1954 - Herb McKenley set a world record for the quarter mile was in Melbourne, Australia. He running the distance in 46.8 seconds.
1957 - The courts ruled the International Boxing Club was a monopoly, and thus was in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Law.
1962 - The Beatles gave their first performance on the BBC in Great Britain. John, Paul, George and Pete Best sang "Dream Baby" on "Teenager’s Turn".
1963 - A group of officers led by Col. Ziad Hariri overthrew the Syrian government and established a National Council of Revolution.
1966 - The Nelson Column in Dublin was destroyed in an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb explosion.
1968 - Rock show promoter, Bill Graham of San Francisco, California moved to the East coast of the United States to open Fillmore East in New York City.
1969 - Sly and the Family Stone began their fourth, and final, week at number one on the pop music charts with "Everyday People". When he was presented with the gold record for this achievement, Sly ripped it out of its case and played it, to hear, "People", by Barbra Streisand. He was heard to utter a few not printable words.
1971 - ‘Smokin’ Joe Frazier, of Philadelphia, won a decision over Muhammad Ali, previously undefeated, to become the world heavyweight boxing champion. For the night, both Frazier and Ali collected $2,500,000.
1973 - IRA car bombs exploded outside the Old Bailey courthouse and Scotland Yard police headquarters in London, killing one person and injuring 238. On the same day a referendum in Northern Ireland favored maintaining ties with the United Kingdom.
1973 - Former Beatle Paul McCartney was fined 100 pounds for growing marijuana on his and wife Linda's farm in Campbeltown, Scotland.
1975 - Olivia Newton-John reached #1 on the pop charts with "Have You Never Been Mellow". Olivia also reached the top spot with "I Honestly Love You", "You’re the One That I Want" (with John Travolta), "Magic" and "Physical".
1978 - Belgian millionaire Charles Bracht was kidnapped. His body was found on April 10.
1985 - The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) discovered 407,700 Americans were millionaires, more than double the total from five years before.
1993 - Radical leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar accepted the post of prime minister of Afghanistan.
1994 - 64 people were killed and 370 injured when a train packed with mainly black commuters was derailed near Durban, South Africa.
1996 - The United Nations flag was lowered to mark the end of the United Nations peacekeeping mandate in Rwanda (UNAMIR
1996 - Joel and Ethan Coen's quirky murder comedy-drama Fargo opened in United States theaters. Starring Joel Coen's wife, Frances McDormand, the critics and the public loved the film. McDormand won many Best Actress awards, including an Oscar, Screen Actors Guild Award, Broadcast Film Critics Association Award, and Chicago Film Critics Association Award, and she was nominated for a Golden Globe. The film was written by both brothers, and directed by Joel. The Coen brothers were also greatly honored, including an Oscar win for Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen. The film was nominated for a Best Picture Oscar, and it earned the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film and the Cannes Film Festival Best Director award. Joel received the British Academy's David Lean award for Best Director. Also starring William H. Macy, who was nominated for several acting awards, the film went against type for an award-winning film. McDormand played a pregnant police chief with two murder cases to solve. Fargo was filmed entirely in Minnesota and North Dakota.
1996 - An updated remake of La Cage Aux Folles, The Birdcage starring Robin Williams, Nathan Lane, Gene Hackman, Dianne Wiest, and Calista Flockhart, opened in United States theaters. The farcical film, directed by Mike Nichols, won a Screen Actors Guild award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast.