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1499 - Perkin Warbeck, Flemish imposter and pretender to the throne of King Henry VII of England, was executed in the Tower of London. He claimed to be Richard, Duke of York, son of Edward IV.
1531 - In Switzerland, the Peace of Kappel was signed, ending the second civil war and ensuring Roman Catholic areas were recognized as part of the Swiss Confederation.
1718 - English pirate Edward Teach -- known as "Blackbeard" -- was captured off the Outer Banks of North Carolina near Ocracoke, taken to England and hanged.
1835 - Henry Burden of Troy, New York patented the horseshoe manufacturing machine.
1859 - Charles Darwin's "Origin of Species," a revolutionary work on evolution, was published.
1876 - In Springfield, Massachusetts the first intercollegiate football association was established.
1887 - For the first time during their rivalry, the University of Michigan beat Notre Dame, 8-0.
1889 - The first jukebox was installed at the Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco.
1890 - Princess Wilhelmina became Queen of the Netherlands at the age of 10 upon the death of her father William III. Her mother, Queen Emma, acted as regent until 1898.
1903 - Enrico Caruso, famed Italian tenor, debuted in the United States at New York's Metropolitan Opera House. He sang the role of the Duke in "Rigoletto".
1906 - The International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin adopted the SOS distress signal.
1906 - Singing-great Enrico Caruso was found guilty of molesting a young woman, Hannah Graham, in the Central Park Zoo monkey house. He had touched her left forearm with his right elbow. Caruso was fined $10 for the offense.
1919 - The first play-by-play football game was broadcast. Texas A&M blanked the University of Texas 7-0.
1924 - Vincent Lopez and some 40 jazz musicians gave a concert of upbeat music at New York's Metropolitan Opera House.
1929 - Shirley Booth famous for her television role "Hazel"; and remembered for when she and her husband played Miss Duffy and Archie on radio’s, "Duffy’s Tavern"; married Ed Gardner. Booth also gave a 1952 Oscar-winning performance in "Come Back Little Sheba".
1935 - The first trans-Pacific air mail flight took off from San Francisco for Manila, Philippines.
1935 - Ethel Leginska became the first woman to write and conduct an opera. Her work, "Gale", opened at the Chicago City Opera Company.
1936 - The first issue of "LIFE" magazine was published. The cover showed an obstetrician slapping a baby and the caption read, "LIFE begins".
1938 - Bob Hope and Shirley Ross recorded "Thanks for the Memory," for the film, "The Big Broadcast of 1938". It became Hope’s theme song.
1948 - Dr. Frank G. Back of New York City patented the Zoom lens, which was first used by NBC television in April of 1947.
1958 - One of radio's last drama programs, unusual for it followed the television show of the same name. CBS Radio broadcast "Have Gun Will Travel" starring John Dehner as Paladin. On television Richard Boone played Paladin.
1958 - Ronald and Nancy Reagan both appeared in the "GE Theatre" production of "A Turkey for the President".
1961 - The Dominican Republic changed the name of its capital from Ciudad Trujillo to Santo Domingo.
1963 - The longest-running science-fiction show in television history, Dr. Who, debuted in England. It aired for the first time in the United States ten years later on PBS.
1967 - The United Nations Security Council approved Resolution 242, calling for Israel to withdraw from territories it captured in 1967.
1969 - Four years after receiving it, Beatle John Lennon sent back his Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (MBE) award. He stated that he was returning it in protest against the British involvement in Biafra, Nigeria and Vietnam.
1974 - Billy Swan hite #1 on the singles charts for the first and only time with "I Can Help", the most popular song in the United States for two weeks.
1977 - Scheduled, supersonic passenger service on the Concorde began between New York and Europe.
1979 - Thomas McMahon was sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Earl Mountbatten, cousin of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II.
1980 - A magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck Eboli in southern Italy, killing 2,735 people and injuring at least 7,500.
1983 - The Soviet Union walked out of arms limitation talks in Geneva in protest of the deployment of United States cruise missiles in Europe.
1984 - Boston College quarterback Doug Flutie passed his way into sports history, leading Boston College to beat Miami, 47-45, at the Orange Bowl in Miami, Florida. On the final play of the game Flutie threw a 48-yard pass that came to be known as ‘The Pass’.
1987 - Box office sales began for the spectacular musical, The Phantom of The Opera. Phantom took in a record-setting amount of $920,272 in seventeen hours. The incoming hit from London made a Broadway record in advance sales of over $12 million two months before its grand opening the following January.
1990 - British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher announced her resignation.
1993 - Mexico's Senate overwhelmingly approved the North American Free Trade Agreement.
1995 - Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic forced Bosnian Serb hardliners to accept a United States-sponsored peace deal, the key to ending 3 1/2 years of United Nations sanctions on rump Yugoslavia