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1547 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles V defeated the Protestants at Muehlberg, near Leipzig, Germany.
1558 - Mary Queen of Scots, aged 16, married the dauphin of France, the future Francois II.
1704 - The Boston News-Letter, one of the earliest newspapers in the American colonies, was first published.
1800 - President John Adams signed a law establishing the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. Initially designed as a library for congressional research, it has since amassed one of the largest collections of manuscripts and printed material in the world.
1833 - Jacob Ebert of Cadiz, Ohio, along with George Dulty of Wheeling, West Virginia, patented the soda fountain.
1897 - The first journalist named as the White House news reporter was William Price, who started reporting on the prestigious beat for the "Washington Star".
1898 - Spain declared war on the United States after receiving an ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba.
1901 - Four games were supposed to open the newly christened American League baseball season, but three were rained out. A crowd of over 10,000 people watch the Chicago White Sox beat the Cleveland Indians 8-2, in the only one of the games played. The new league, dubbed the junior circuit, consisted of teams in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee and Minneapolis. Buffalo, Indianapolis and, at first, Minneapolis, left the league, with new teams joining from Boston, New York, Baltimore, Washington D.C. and, later, Los Angeles, Oakland, Seattle, Ft. Worth and Toronto.
1916 - The Easter Rising in Dublin, an insurrection aimed at setting up an Irish Republic, began.
1921 - The Tyrol region of central Europe voted for union with Germany.
1932 - In German elections, the Nazis made gains in Prussia, Bavaria, Wurttemberg and Hamburg.
1936 - For Victor Records, Benny Goodman and his trio recorded "China Boy", at a session in Chicago, Illinois, the included Gene Krupa, Teddy Wilson.
1945 - Albert B. "Happy" Chandler was named as the new commissioner of baseball.
1945 - American forces liberated Dachau concentration camp.
1949 - On NBC radio, Dick Powell starred in "Richard Diamond, Private Detective", which stayed on the air for four years. Later, it moved to television for a three-year run starring David Janssen in the title role.
1950 - The state of Jordan was formed by the union of Jordanian-occupied Palestine and the Kingdom of Transjordan.
1952 - Raymond Burr made his television acting debut in an episode of the "Gruen Guild Playhouse" titled, "The Tiger". Soon after this, Burr would act in "Perry Mason" and later "Ironside".
1954 - "Billboard" magazine, headlined a change comeing to the music industry. Their headline read, “Teenagers Demand Music with a Beat - Spur Rhythm and Blues” Within a year, R&B music caught the public’s ear.
1955 - "X-Minus One", a science fiction show, first aired on NBC radio.
1955 - The Bandung Conference, organized by five Asian states, ended. It condemned colonialism in both the West and the Soviet Union.
1959 - After 9 years on television, and several years on radio, "Your Hit Parade" ended. The show that debuted in 1935 ended with the top five songs on its last show as: 1 - "Come Softly to Me", 2 - "Pink Shoelaces", 3 - "Never Be Anyone Else but You", 4 - "It’s Just a Matter of Time", 5 - "I Need Your Love Tonight"
1961 - Los Angeles Dodger, Sandy Koufax struck out 18 batters in a game, making him the first major-league pitcher to do so on two separtate occasions.
1963 - Bob Cousy of the Boston Celtics retired from the NBA, but didn't give up basketball. He would go on to coach Boston College to a record 117 wins and 38 losses.
1965 - "Game of Love", by Wayne Fontana and The Mindbenders, made it to the top on the "Billboard" music chart for a one week stay. It was ousted by Peter Noone and Herman’s Hermits with "Mrs. Brown You’ve Got a Lovely Daughter".
1965 - The body of murdered Portuguese opposition leader Humberto Delgado was found in Spain.
1965 - The Indonesian government formally took control of all foreign companies in the country.
1967 - Vladimir Komarov, the first Russian to fly in the Soyuz craft, was killed when he crash-landed in Russia after his 17th orbit of Earth.
1969 - The singing family, The Cowsills, got a gold record for their single, "Hair", from the same titled Broadway show.
1970 - The Gambia was proclaimed a republic within the British Commonwealth.
1970 - China launched its first satellite into orbit.
1974 - Bud Abbott, co-reigning king of film comedy in the 1930's and 1940's, died of cancer at age 69 in Woodland Park, California. He, with comedy partner Lou Costello, made many popular films and had several TV series in the 1950's. Their popular "Meet" comedies included "Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy," "Abbott and Costello Meet the Keystone Kops," "Abbott and Costello Meet Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," and "Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein".
1975 - Three people died when Baader-Meinhof terrorists attacked the German embassy in Stockholm.
1985 - RKO Home Video released six black and white classic films starring Fred Astaire. It included "Shall We Dance" and "Follow the Fleet".
1985 - It was reported 832,602 millionaires lived in the United States. Researchers also said the average millionaire was 57 years old. A majority of these people, 85 percent, held college degrees; and 20 percent were retired, with 70 percent self-employed.
1990 - East and West Germany agreed on July 2 as the date for economic union, a prelude to full political unification.
1990 - Michael Milken, former junk bond chief at the defunct Drexel Burnham Lambert Inc., pleaded guilty to six felony charges, settling a massive criminal racketeering and securities fraud suit brought by the United States government.
1991 - Kurdish rebel leaders reached an agreement in principle with Saddam Hussein on greater autonomy.
1992 - The Musical Arts Association filed a suit in New York, seeking $2 million in damages to cover lost royalties and $5 million in punitive damages against Michael Jackson and Sony. They were accused of stealing one of the orchestra recordings of Cleveland Orchestra for use on Jackson's hit album, Dangerous. The suit alleged that Sony had breached a contract with the orchestra by allowing one minute and seven seconds from its 1961 recording of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 to be placed in Jackson's song Will You Be There?.
1992 - Guerrilla leaders in Afghanistan agreed on a 50-member council to take power in Kabul.
1993 - A huge IRA bomb exploded in the heart of London's financial district, killing one person.
1995 - A United Nations tribunal named Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and two of his senior aides as war crimes suspects.
1996 - The Palestinian parliament-in-exile voted to amend clauses in the PLO charter which call for Israel's destruction.
1996 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin met Chinese President Jiang Zemin at the start of a visit to Beijing hailed by both sides as signaling a new relationship between them.
1996 - Actress Margot Kidder was placed in a psychiatric ward at Olive View Medical Center after being found dirty, dazed, and fearful in a stranger's back yard in Glendale, California, the day before. The 47-year-old actress claimed she had been stalked and assaulted, but police said they found no evidence of foul play. Kidder's career, which peaked with her role as Lois Lane in the Superman films during the 1970's, had faltered; a 1990 auto accident while filming a television series caused her a neck injury that gave her persistent pain. She occasionally needed a wheelchair. Surgery corrected the problem, but she went into bankruptcy when her insurance company refused to pay her bills. According to one report, Kidder was broke and living in a one-bedroom apartment in Hollywood.