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1703 - A two-day "Great Storm" raged throughout southern England, flooding the Thames and Severn rivers and killing at least 8,000 people.
1716 - The first lion to be exhibited in the United States, then a Britsh colony, was seen in Boston, Massachusetts.
1825 - The United States's first college social fraternity, Kappa Alpha, was formed at Union College in Schenectady, New York.
1832 - A horse-drawn streetcar was used for the first time to carry passengers in the United States. It was introduced in New York on Fourth Avenue between Prince Street and 14th Street.
1860 - A newspaper print of recently elected President Abraham Lincoln showed the beginnings of a beard.
1864 - Charles L. Dodgson, pen named Lewis Carroll, sent a handwritten manuscript to Alice Liddel, titled "Alice’s Adventures Underground", as an early Christmas present to the 12-year-old. The manuscript was later renamed "Alice in Wonderland" and "Through the Looking Glass".
1867 - J.B. Sutherland of Detroit, Michigan patented the refrigerated railroad car.
1896 - At the Chicagp Coliseum in Illinois, the University of Chicago defeated the University of Michigan, 7-6, at the first major college football game played indoors.
1914 - The British battleship Bulwark, carrying 750 men, blew up as it was loading ammunition; there were only 12 survivors.
1922 - Lord Carnarvon of England and Howard Carter of the United States discovered the tomb of The Boy King, Tutankhamen, in Egypt. The find was called, "The greatest archaeological discovery of all time." People in America shortened his name to Tut.
1940 - Germany began walling off the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw, sealing in its 400,000 inhabitants.
1940 - The Belgian Congo declared war on Italy in World War II.
1940 - On the Columbia label, Xavier Cugat and his Orchestra recorded "Orchids in the Moonlight".
1941 - Bobby Riggs national, amateur, singles tennis champion, turned professional today.
1942 - The motion picture "Casablanca," starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, had its world premiere at the Hollywood Theater in New York.
1944 - The port of Antwerp was reopened and the Germans began attacking it with their new V-1 and V-2 rockets.
1945 - The program, "Bride and Groom", debuted on the NBC Blue network. Estimates show 1,000 newly-wed couples were interviewed on the program before it went off air in 1950.
1949 - India's Constituent Assembly passed the country's constitution; it came into force two months later.
1950 - China entered the Korean conflict, launching a counter-offensive against soldiers from the United Nations, the United States and South Korea.
1956 - Bandleader Tommy Dorsey died at age 51. His records sold over 110,000,000 copies.
1958 - Maurice Richard scored career goal #600 for the Montreal Canadiens hockey team at New York's Madison Square Garden.
1965 - France launched its first satellite into orbit.
1966 - French President Charles De Gaulle opened the world's first tidal power station at the Rance estuary in Brittany.
1967 - The birth of the People's Republic of South Yemen was proclaimed in Aden by the National Liberation Front.
1968 - In a performance filmed by the BBC, the rock group, Cream, performed. It was a farewell concert before a capacity crowd at Royal Albert Hall in London.
1969 - The Band earned a gold record for their album, "The Band".
1969 - Steve Owens, of Oklahoma was awarded the Heisman Trophy as the United States's outstanding college football player. Owens scored more touchdowns and gained more yardage than any other previous player in collegiate history.
1970 - Pope Paul VI was attacked with a dagger by a Bolivian artist dressed as a priest at Manila airport, but was unhurt.
1973 - President Nixon's personal secretary, Rose Mary Woods, told a federal court that she had accidentally caused part of an 18 1/2-minute gap in a key Watergate tape.
1974 - Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka resigned following allegations of irregularities in his private business affairs.
1975 - A federal jury in Sacramento, California, found Lynette Fromme, a follower of Charles Manson, guilty of trying to assassinate President Ford.
1979 - A Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 707 crashed in Jeddah; all 156 passengers and crew were killed.
1979 - Rhe International Olympic Committee voted to re-admit China after an absence of 21 years.
1980 - The movie, "Wings Over America", about the first American tour of Paul McCartney and Wings, premiered in New York City.
1984 - After 14 years and 518 goals with the Montreal Canadiens, Guy Lafleur "the Flower" retired from hockey.
1984 - During a surgery at Louisville's Humana Hospital, William Schroeder became the second recipient of an artificial heart.
1987 - Rebel guerrillas massacred 16 whites at a mission near Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.
1988 - The United States, citing terrorist attacks on Americans, denied a request by PLO leader Yasser Arafat for a visa so he could address a session of the United Nations in New York.
1989 - President Alfredo Cristiani announced the suspension of "all relations" with Nicaragua, accusing the left-wing government there of fanning El Salvador's civil war.
1989 - Opposition candidate Luis Alberto Lacalle of the Blanco (National) Party was elected president in Uruguay's first free elections since 1971.
1989 - In a national referendum, voters decided that Hungary's next president would be chosen by parliament, following free elections.
1993 - Belgium's first general strike in almost half a century brought industry and transport to a standstill and forced the government to agree to talks with the unions.